Tuesday, February 25, 2014

Resonance in Stepper motors

Stepper motors have a natural resonant frequency as a result of the motor being a spring-mass system. When the step rate equals the motor’s natural frequency, there may be an audible change in noise made by the motor, as well as an increase in vibration. The resonant point will vary with the application and load, but typically occurs somewhere between 70 and 120 steps per second. In severe cases the motor may lose steps at the resonant frequency. Changing the step rate is the simplest means of avoiding many problems related to resonance in a system. Also, half stepping or micro stepping usually reduces resonance problems. When accelerating to speed, the resonance zone should be passed through as quickly as possible.


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